ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

What Is ADHD?

ADHD, an acronym for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,  is a condition that generally causes people who afflicted to become easily distracted and inattentive. Symptoms include trouble paying attention, inability to focus (appears to be daydreaming and easily distracted), forgetfulness, and unorganized behavior at school, home, or work.

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What is the difference between ADHD and ADD?

 ADHD and ADD are the same condition. ADD, or Attention Deficit Disorder, is simply an outdated term for the condition.*

 

The three primary symptoms are: distraction, hyperactivity, impulsiveness

With every faction of symptoms, there exist a numbe-*r of criteria that a child must meet in order to officially be diagnosed with attention deficit hyper activity disorder. This number of criteria required for a diagnosis will fluctuate by age. Kids up to age 16 need to exhibit a minimum of 6  symptoms. Young adults over the age of 17 only require 5.

Symptoms must occur for a minimum of 6 months and must be unsuitable for a child’s level of mental development.

 

Types of ADHD

There are three types of ADHD:

1. Inattentive

This type exhibits adequate symptoms of inattention and is distracted easily but isn’t impulsive nor hyperactive. To qualify for this type an individual must have at least 6 of these 9 traits, and very few of the signs of hyperactive-impulsive type:

  • Little or no attention paid to detail
  • Carelessness
  • Failure to focus on tasks
  • Neglecting or tuning out instructors
  • Inability to follow or comprehend directions
  • Dodging tasks which require discipline
  • Becoming distracted
  • Absent-mindedness
  • Misplacing items that are required to accomplish assignments
 [wpsm_highlight color=”yellow”]Inattentive type is generally what is implied when someone uses the term”ADD”. In recent times criteria for diagnoses and definition of the disorder have changed many times ADHD is now the general term[/wpsm_highlight]

 

2. Hyperactive-Impulsive

This type displays manifestations of hyperactivity and impulsivity without inattention. To be considered this type, the subject must have at least 6 of these 9 traits, and very few  indications of inattentive type:

  • Fidgeting
  • Wiggling
  • Getting up often from seat
  • Fleeing or surmounting objects during unseemly situations
  • Difficulty playing quietly
  • Rambling
  • Speaking out of turn or blurting out things
  • Being disruptive
  • Moving so often they rarely seem still

 

3. Combined 

These lucky individuals have it all. Yup, they’re the whole ADHD package of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity!

 

 

 

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